How to get rid of seasonal diseases? Winter & summer affects your health

Winter can have an effect on both your physical and mental health.

  1. Winter makes seasonal affective disorder

Seasonal affective disorder often comes with extreme sleepiness, increased appetite, a heavy sensation in the limbs, loss of interest, hopelessness and social withdrawal.

What to do: light therapy, exercise and cognitive behavioral therapy.

  1. Winter dries the eyes

Dry eye is the condition in which eyes don’t produce enough tears and the usual symptoms are burning, itching and a feeling of grittiness. This condition becomes worse during winter season because of the dry and cold air.

What to do: dietary changes, artificial tears, prescription eye drops.

  1. Winter dries and burns your skin

Cold weather and low humidity levels result in dry air, which then removes moisture away from the skin throughout the day. So try taking short showers because long baths tend to dry the skin further. Avoid the direct exposure to sun rays during winter, since it may cause damage to your skin.

What to do: use moisturizer, sunscreen and humidifier in your home.

  1. Winter changes eating habits

Cold weather makes changes in your metabolism, energy levels and even food choices. So try to avoid the intake of unhealthy foods especially hot chocolate and cookies because there is a prone to use these food items during winter.

What to do: use homemade soups and meals.

  1. Hibernation can stop your exercise plan

Cold weather tends you to hibernate which in turn badly affect your fitness, weight and even your mood.

What to do: Do indoor options like exercise classes, home fitness videos or walking at the mall.

Summer related illnesses

  1. Heat rash

Itchy, painful rash caused by excessive sweating during hot, humid weather. And the symptoms are a cluster of red pimples, particularly on the neck or upper chest, or in the groin, elbow and under the breasts.

What to do: Move to a cooler, less humid environment. Keep the affected areas dry (powder can help), and avoid using ointments or creams.

  1. Dehydration

Condition in which amount of water in the body has dropped below the level needed for the normal body function. Symptoms – fainting, thirst, tiredness, loss of appetite, dark yellow urine.

What to do: Drink plenty of water or diluted fruit juice and avoid tea, coffee and alcohol.

  1. Heat cramps

Body loses salt and water through sweat when it undergoes a vigorous activity. This will lead to heat cramps. Symptoms – Muscle pains or spasms.

What to do: Stop all activity and lie in a cool place with your legs raised slightly. Drink water or diluted fruit juice, have a cool shower or bath, massage your limbs to ease the spasms and apply cool packs. If they continue for more than one hour seek medical attention.

  1. Heat exhaustion

Body’s reaction to losing excessive amounts of water and salt contained in sweat. Symptoms – heavy sweating, pale skin, fast and weak pulse rate, fast and shallow breathing, muscle weakness or cramps, tiredness and weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, fainting.

What to do: Move to a cool place and lie down. Remove excess clothing, take small sips of cool fluids, and have a cool shower. Put cool packs under the armpits, on the groin or on the back of the neck to reduce body heat. If they continue for more than one hour seek medical attention.

  1. Heat stroke

Most serious heat-related illness and it occur when the body temperature rises above 40.5 °C. Symptoms – sudden rise in body temperature, red & hot dry skin, dry & swollen tongue, rapid pulse & breathing, intense thirst, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, loss of consciousness.

What to do: Immediately seek medical attention and while waiting for that, do the same things as in heat exhaustion.

About the author

Engineer, technologist, content creator, Health enthusiast live in Kerala, India