Health risks of alcohol misuse

Two ways of alcohol misuse are:

  • Drinking too much amount of alcohol in a short time
  • Drinking alcohol over many years

Liver diseases– Alcohol alters the liver’s metabolism of fat and it will finally leads to hepatitis

Cancer– Alcohol consumption increases the risk of developing cancer in different organs like mouth, liver, stomach etc…

Cardiovascular diseases– Drinking can cause high blood pressure, abnormalities in heart rhythm and constriction of blood vessels. Those are affecting the heart badly and develop a chance of heart failure, stroke and alzheimers.

Osteoporosis– Increase the risk of developing osteoporosis, which is the condition that bones become more weak and brittle.

Brain and Nerve damage– It affects on brain receptors and neurotransmitters. It develops blurred vision, memory lapses, slurred speech, difficulty walking and slowed reaction time.

Cirrhosis– Alcohol is toxic to liver cells, it develop cirrhosis. It is a condition that liver, is heavily scarred and unable to function.

Pancreatitis-Certain people will develop pancreatitis after drinking large amounts of alcohol. Damage to the pancreas from heavy alcohol use may not cause symptoms for many years, but then the person may suddenly develop severe pancreatitis symptoms.

Ulcers and gastrointestinal problems– Drinking can cause problems with the digestive system such as stomach ulcers, acid reflux, heartburn, and inflammation in the stomach lining.

Diagnosis of alcohol related illnesses

Two type of commonly used diagnosis are blood tests and imaging tests. Imaging tests includes:

  • X-rays
  • Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography

Type of treatments

  • Behavioral Treatments

Behavioral treatments mainly include counseling. The studies show that they are beneficial. It is led by health professionals.

  • Medications

Medications can help people to stop or reduce their drinking and prevent relapse. They are prescribed by a physician or health professional.

  • Mutual-Support Groups

Mutual-Support Groups programs provide peer support for people quitting or cutting back on their drinking. Due to the anonymous nature of mutual-support groups, it is difficult for researchers to determine their success rates compared with those led by health professionals.

  • Therapies

Psychological counseling that may helps people for cutting back on their drinking.

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