Diabetes is the condition, in which a person has high blood glucose, it occurs when
- inadequate insulin production in the body
- body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin
Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, excess thirsty and excess hungry.
Type 1 diabetes– chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Type 2 diabetes– chronic conditions that affect the way the body processes blood sugar
Gestational diabetes– condition in which a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
Common symptoms of diabetes:
- Frequent urination
- Disproportionate thirst
- Intense hunger
- Weight gain & weight loss
- Increased fatigue
- Blurred vision
- Cuts and bruises don’t heal properly
- Frequent gum disease/infection
Complications linked to uncontrolled diabetes are eye complications, foot complications, skin complications, heart problems, hypertension, mental health, hearing loss, gum disease, gastroparesis, ketoacidosis, neuropathy, HHNS (hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome), nephropathy, PAD (peripheral arterial disease), stroke, erectile dysfunction, infections, longer time for healing of wounds.
Dietary & exercise tips for diabetes patients:
- Eat regularly and avoid the bad effects on glucose levels while skipping meals or having delayed meals.
- Eat vegetables and fruits instead of high-calorie foods
- Grains rich in fiber are suggested as a healthy source of carbohydrate
- Try drinking water or tea and coffee without sugar instead of sugary drinks
- Avoid added sugars in drinks and foods.
- Eat pulses such as beans, chickpeas, garden peas and lentils.
- Eat fish twice a week or more, but avoid frying – go for oily fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardine…
- Have some dairy or dairy alternatives and choose lower-fat and lower-sugar options. Reduce consumption of cheese and butter.
- Prepare foods at home with little or no salt.
- Be cautious of “diabetic” foods and should notice food labels.
- Drink alcohol only in limited amount that is no more than one drink a day for women and no more than two for men.
- Take precautions while exercising – Always keep fast-acting carbohydrates on-hand in case of hypoglycemia.
- Include aerobic and strength-based activities and be consistent in your exercise plan